Irish Civil War

Taxonomy

Code

Scope note(s)

  • 1922-1923

Source note(s)

Display note(s)

Hierarchical terms

Irish Civil War

Irish Civil War

Equivalent terms

Irish Civil War

  • UF Civil War

Associated terms

Irish Civil War

15 Archival description results for Irish Civil War

15 results directly related Exclude narrower terms

Autograph book of John Lennon/Maggie B. Corcoran

  • IE OCL P29
  • Item
  • 1921-1923: c. 1931

The autograph book originally belonged to an internee [possibly John Lennon, of Harbour St, Tullamore] of the Rath Internment Camp at the Curragh (1921) and later of Tintown Camp (1923). The album contains many Laois/Offaly signatories such as E. Forrestal, Tullamore (Rath); Bob Lennon, Killeigh (Rath); Frank Bulfin TD, Derrinlough, Birr (Rath); Seaghan Ó Dulchaointigh, Crinkle, Birr (Rath); J. G. Ross, Killeigh (Rath); Patrick J. Daly, Tullamore (Hut 31, Rath), Jimmie Egan, Henry Street, Tullamore (Hut 25, Rath), Denis Walsh, Tullamore (Hut 40, Rath); Séamus O’Faolain (Hut 12 Camp 3 Tintown), Patrick Boland, Ballycumber, (Camp 3 Tintown), Walter A. Mitchell (Camp 2 Tintown); Edward Dunne, Clonaslee (Camp 2, Tintown), Sean McGuinness TD (Destination ‘Unknown’); and P. Bracken, Clonaslee (Hut 12 Tintown). Later non-political entries dating from c. 1930 are by Corcoran (later Lennon) and her relatives and friends.

Lennon, John

Copy outgoing letters from Toler Roberts Garvey (Junior), land agent, (1922-1923)

Includes letters from Toler Garvey Jr relating to the occupation of Birr Castle by the Free State Army during December 1922 and January 1923. Also contains letters concerning the finances of the Birr Castle estate, theft of silver from Thomastown Park, the execution of three youths on Castle grounds, and a compensation claim to the OPW in February 1923.

Includes a letter from Garvey to the Hon. Geoffrey Parsons on 30 November 1922:

‘I have been unofficially informed that the occupation of the Castle is to continue for the present, and though it is not intended it should be permanent, still no date can be named for evacuation. I expect to hear something official on the matter before long.’

Also includes a letter from Garvey to the Hon. Geoffrey Parsons on 5 December 1922 concerning the precarious nature of the estate finances due to the mass non-payment of rent:

‘I had an interview on Saturday with the Co. Secretary of the Farmers’ Union and representatives of the tenants, but I am much afraid that nothing will result from it, as they renewed their demand of a 50% reduction of rent, to be made permanent until a sale takes place. This of course I could not agree to and made an alternative proposal, on the lines we settled, and they said they would lay it before a meeting, but I am afraid the general trend at present is against paying anything or anyone.’

Includes a report by Garvey on 12 December 1922 regarding silver stolen from Thomastown Park:

‘Report as to silver plate stolen from Thomastown Park, the property of V.J. Ryan. For the last couple of years Mr Ryan, the owner, has not been in residence at Thomastown Park and Patrick Stokes, ex-soldier, and his wife, native of Crinkle, have been employed and living in the house as caretakers. Stokes reported to me immediately afterwards that the house had been raided by armed men on 16th last, when locked and sealed doors, presses, boxes, etc were broken open in the course for an alleged search for arms of which there were none in the house...’

Includes a letter from Garvey to the OC Free State Troops on 26 January 1923 regarding the executions of three youths from Tullamore, William Conroy, Patrick Cunningham and Colum Kelly:

‘Acting on behalf of the Earl of Rosse’s Trustees I wish to enter a formal protest against executions taking place at Birr Castle and the burial of executed persons within the grounds. If such unfortunately had to be carried out, I do not think it should be on privately owned premises. I am sending a copy of this letter to the Chief of Staff.’

Includes a letter from Garvey to Commander in Chief, Portobello Barracks on 26 January 1923:

‘I enclose copy of a letter which I have today addressed to the Office at Birr Castle. I need hardly point out the stigma which will attach to the place in consequence, especially if the executed persons are buried there and I have to request on behalf of the Earl of Rosse’s Trustees that you will make other arrangements.’

Includes a letter from Garvey to Geoffrey Parsons on 27 January 1923, the day after the executions at Birr Castle:

‘I am sorry to say that three executions were carried out in the Castle Grounds yesterday morning and the corpses buried in the old laundry drying ground close to the gravel tennis court. I wrote at once on behalf of the Trustees protesting against this having been done in private grounds and requesting that the bodies be re-interred elsewhere. The Military authorities are taking over several more rooms in the Castle next week and it is rumoured that they may shortly take over the whole house. I will try and keep things as between them and us on a regular footing as possible and I think the time has come, seeing that their occupation has rendered the house impossible for use by family they might be asked to pay the rent of a house elsewhere. We have been without a train from here for over a week and wires are still cut every second day so I can hardly say that things are improving just at present.’

Also includes a letter from Garvey to the Office of Public Works on 28 February 1923 looking for compensation for the occupancy of the Castle:

‘Lord Rosse and family have at present the use of a house lent to them by a friend, but this arrangement has to come to an end and it has become necessary to procure a residence immediately which raises the question of the terms of occupation by the Military at Birr Castle.’

Garvey, Toler Roberts, Jr

Copy outgoing letters from Toler Roberts Garvey (Junior), land agent, (1922-1924)

Includes letters from to Toler R. Garvey Jr relating to incidents at Birr Castle during the Irish Civil War, particularly the protestation of the execution of three youths, William Conroy, Patrick Cunningham and Colum Kelly from Tullamore in January 1923 at Birr Castle.

Includes a letter from Garvey to Chief of Staff, Portobello Barracks, on 3 January 1924 regarding executions at Birr Castle in January 1923:

‘I am directed by Lord Rosses’s trustees to inquire whether the time has not now arrived when the remains of the men executed last year and buried in the private grounds of Birr Castle could be safely removed and re-interred elsewhere, it is obvious that for many reasons they cannot be left indefinitely in the private grounds and though of course Lord Rosse’s trustees understand that the military authorities would in any case have the removed carried out before the premises are evacuated there seems to be no good reason why it should not now be done.’

Garvey, Toler Roberts, Jr

Correspondence relating to sixth earl, Lawrence Michael Harvey Parsons (1921-1937)

Letters to the Viscountess de Vesci, mother of the sixth earl, to her brother-in-law, the Hon. Geoffrey L. Parsons, and to the agent for the Rosse estates, Toler R. Garvey Junior, (the only person permanently on the spot at Birr during the minority of the sixth earl), concerning the Civil War as it affected Birr Castle and other places; and also including a letter from the Countess of Bandon about the destruction of Castle Bernard, Co. Cork, and the kidnapping of her husband, Lord Bandon, 1921. The principal topic however, is the Free State government’s responsibility to the Rosse family for loss and damage incurred as a result of the Free State army’s occupation of Birr Castle from 1922 to 1924, which the shrewd and resourceful Garvey construes as extending to the cost of Lord and Lady de Vesci’s London house, No. 1 Hyde Park Street. Included in the bundle is a copy of a letter from Garvey to the Irish Land Commission arguing that compulsory acquisition of any more of the home farm at Birr would serve as a major disincentive to the sixth earl’s taking up residence and therefore giving widespread employment there on his coming-of-age, 1926.

Includes quotation for removal of six vans of furniture from Birr Castle to London by John Dooly, & Sons, Birr (April 1923)

Includes list of goods taken over by the National Army 28th September 1923, Property of the Trustees of the Earl of Rosse. Value of £235.16.0

Includes draft claim against Free State Government seeking rent and remedy £3000 and rent of Hyde Park (£600).

Includes letter from Office of Public Works settling claim for £3502.2.11 (7 August 1925)

Includes letter from Captain J.F. Hollins, Quartermaster No 2 Brigade, Athlon to Toler Garvey: ‘I wish to inform you that the Troops presently in occupation of the castle will evacuate same as from the 28th inst. In accordance with our regulations it will be necessary for a representative of the Owner, a representative from the Board of Works and of the Military Authorities to examine the premises after evacuation and compile a report as to its condition in comparison to that in which it was taken over by the Military (12 August 1924)

Includes a list by A. Panton Watkinson, painter and decorator, Stephens Green, Dublin, of wear and tear and damage in Birr Castle due to the military occupation. (July 1923)

Includes list of articles missing from Birr Castle May 1927.

Also includes letter from the Committee involved in arranging a plaque to be erected at the archway to the front of Birr Castle in memory of the three young men executed by Free State Troops in 1923. Appends text of the address given by Margaret Hogan, local historian, on the events of 1923. (2003)

Garvey, Toler Roberts, Jr

In-letters to agents Toler R. Garvey (Junior) and Captain Alex Drought, Bundles ‘A’ and ‘C’. (1910-1951)

Box of in-letters from correspondents whose names begin with ‘A’ and ‘C’, including correspondence about Sir Nesbitt Armstrong’s trusts, and letters from James Callaghan (a thatcher employed by the Rosse estate), from the ‘Chief of Staff, January 1923’ about the occupation of Birr Castle by the Free State Army, from W.Y. Chisholm (manager of the Rosse sawmill, from Miss Edith A. Cramer, and from Messrs Coutts & Co.)

Includes: Letter from Padraig Ua Maolchatha, Col. Comdt., G. O. C. 3rd Southern Command, Roscrea: I am directed by the Chief of General Staff to inform you that it will not be possible to evacuate any portion of the premises occupied by the troops before Christmas. I am at present unable to give you any idea when we may be able to evacuate Birr Castle but assure you that we will not occupy it any longer than necessary. I regret being unable to facilitate Lord Rosse’s family in this matter but trust that the owner will appreciate the circumstances which force us to remain in occupation.’ (4 December 1922)

Includes letter from Capt. F. O’Brien for the Chief of General Staff, Dublin, to Toler Garvey: ‘I have been in communication with the General Officer Commanding of the Area who informs me that we was aware of game being shot on the Rosse Estate, but did not prevent it, as he was not aware that the game was preserved.’ (8 January 1923)

Callaghan, James

Letter from Gay White to Tom.

Letter from Gay White , Lissiniskey, Nenagh dated 13 July 1922. The letter describes Gay experience during the Irish Civil War.

'My dear Tom,
Yours of the 10th to hand. I think since the 29th of June we have had no post here. Dreadful things have happened since I wrote you April 25th. I left Rathurbet April 30th & went to Ballygibbon. On May 15th a body of men took forcible possession of 30 acres of land there. They cut trees down, yet returned. We were left with 9 cows to milk, calves & all sorts of fowl, young & old to feed. Over 90 sheep & lambs to care, all the work of the house to do. Well we did it. The sheep were the great trouble, it was the time for them to be dipped, washed & shorn. They could not be dipped or washed but Betty, Lilla & David sheared all the sheep, but we lost a good many on account of the sheep not being dipped. They got full of maggots. It was dreadful. The cows were easily managed, we all milked them. I got quite good at it I did two night & morning. We just worked all day. On the night of June 14th we had dreadful raid starting about 2.30. The raiders smashed every window & the hall door first. We had collected in one room, they rushed into it. David & Betty were badly beaten by them with their clenched fists. Lilla was not so badly beaten & Poll only got one blow on her face, we were in a dark room most of the time, it was hell. I escaped without a blow. Over & over they held revolvers & shotguns at us & said they would shoot us. They did awful mischief in the house, breaking china & table glass, drank all whiskey & claret. They emptied every drawer out on the floor, Oh such a state - the dirty swine- they left the place in. They stole heaps of things, especially belongings, one thing was my dressing case.'

Memoir by Kathleen Barnwell, Birr

  • IE OCL P31
  • Item
  • 1918-1985

Typescript of memoir titled ‘Do You Remember’. Recounts the life in Birr and covers the following subjects: soldiers from Birr returning from World War I (1918), the Treaty (1921), occupation of Free State Troops of ‘The Gorm' (the workhouse) in Birr (1922), burning of Crinkle Barracks (1922) and other reminiscences of life in Birr from 1930s to 1980s.

Barnwell, Kathleen

Results 1 to 10 of 15