Fonds P131 - Loughton Papers

Workhouse Accounts 1857-1870 Workhouse Accounts 1871-1878

Identity area

Reference code



Loughton Papers


  • 1798 - 1976 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

60 boxes

Context area

Name of creator


Biographical history

Henry Trench was the second son of William and Sarah Trench of Cangort Park, Shinrone, Co. Offaly. He married Georgina Mary Amelia Bloomfield on 22 October 1836 and had 8 children. By the 1870s Trench owned 4,707 acres in county Tipperary, 2,113 acres in county Offaly, 1,926 acres in county Limerick, 1,581 acres in county Galway, 704 acres in county Clare and 432 acres in county Roscommon.

Name of creator


Biographical history

Benjamin Bloomfield Trench was born 12 November 1846 to Henry Trench of Cangort Park, Shinrone, County Offaly and Georgiana Mary Amelia Bloomfield, sister of the 2nd Lord Bloomfield of Loughton House. He was educated at Eton. He worked as a mechanical engineer for Maudsley & Fields and later with William Steuert Trench in his land agency office at Carrickmacross between 1868 and 1870. He was also employed by Verner & Holleborne stockbrokers to manage quarries in Antrim. In 1872 he was employed by Lord Bath to take over the management of the Bath estate following the death of William Steuert Trench, but was relieved of this position in 1874. He married Dora Turner in 1899 and moved to South Africa to work on the Transvaal Railway. He returned prior to the birth of his two daughters Sheelah and Theodora Trench.

Name of creator


Biographical history

Dora Trench was the daughter of Christopher Turnor MP (1808-1886), an English Conservative Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1841-1847. Her mother was Lady Caroline Finch-Hatton (1816-1888), daughter of George Finch-Hatton, 10th Earl of Winchilsea (1791-1858). Dora suffered with asthma for most of her life and was forced to spend much of her time in Europe, especially in the south of France, for the warmer climate. She was a keen diarist and chronicled her life from her childhood until her death. She married Benjamin Bloomfield Trench and had two daughters, Sheelah and Theodora.

Name of creator


Biographical history

Sheelah Trench was born to Benjamin Bloomfield Trench and his wife Dora on 25 May 1890. She married Langlois Massy Lefroy, son of Col. Augustine Hugh leroy and Isabel Mary Heppelthwaite on 15 October 1924. They had no children and Sheelah died on 13 May 1972.

Name of creator


Biographical history

Theodora Trench was the daughter of Benjamin Bloomfield Trench and his wife, Dora, and was born on 17 July 1891. She served as part of the British Red Cross from 1917-1919 and as a chauffeuse with the New Zealand Mechanical Trans. Weybridge. She travelled extensively throughout her life visit places such as Samoa, India, Palestine, and the Rocky Mountains. She never married and spent her later years living at Loughton House.

Name of creator


Biographical history

The 2nd Lord Bloomfield became a diplomat like his father and served as ambassador in Vienna from 1860-1871, after which he retired. He became a peer in the United Kingdom and was given the title Baron Bloomfield of Ciamhalta in County Tipperary, a neighbouring property to Loughton demesne. Although he died at Ciamhalta in 1879, he was buried in Borrisnafarney Church, Loughton where his father was buried. In 1845, he married the Hon. Georgiana Liddel, youngest daughter of the 1st Lord Ravensworth and they had no children. His sister, Georgiana Mary Emily married Henry Trench of Cangort Park in 1836 and he sold the Loughton estate to him in 1870.

Archival history

Originating from the Loughton estate in Moneygall, Co.Offaly the fonds remained largely undisturbed with one notable exception. In 1997 an outline catalogue of the fonds was complied by Dr. Anthony Malcomson of the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI). Of the papers covered by the outline catalogue sections D/4141/1/1-15 and D/4141/2/1-14 were moved to PRONI where they currently reside. These sections are related to the Bath estate in Co. Monaghan and the Cavehill railway. The rest of the fonds remained at Loughton. In September 2016 they were purchased by Pat McDonagh and transferred to the temporary custody of Offaly Archives under an agreement between Offaly County Council and Pat McDonagh.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The Loughton papers are comprised of the records of the successive owners of Loughton, Moneygall, Co. Offaly and of other properties in the surrounding area including one in Co. Tipperary. The families documented within the fonds are the Bloomfields, the Trenches and the Atkinsons. The fonds mainly consists of documents originating from Benjamin Bloomfield Trench, his wife Dora Trench (neé Turnor) and their daughter Theodora Trench. The material dates from 1798 until the 1970s.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Upon receipt the fonds were arranged in boxes according to a previous outline catalogue prepared by Dr. A. P. Malcomson of the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI) in 1997. Re-cataloguing the material in 2017 necessitated some change in the referencing system, due to three series of this original arrangement having been removed in the intervening years and transferred to other repositories (see section 'Existence of and location of originals' below). There were also nine boxes of loose material, not originally catalogued, mainly consisting of documents and items relating to Theodora Trench, Sheelah Lefroy (neé Trench), Benjamin Bloomfield Trench and letters belonging to Henry Trench. This loose material from Loughton House has been incorporated into the collection which now comprises 11 series and 30 sub-series. Within the series and sub-series the documents have been arranged chronologically.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

By appointment only. Please contact [email protected]

Conditions governing reproduction

By permission of copyright owner (Pat McDonagh/Barack Obama Plaza)

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Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

D/4141/1/1-15, B.B. Trench Papers, The Bath Estate, Public Records Office of Northern Ireland.

D/4141/2/1-14, B. B. Trench Papers, Cavehill Railway and Quarries, Public Records Office of Northern Ireland.

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