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- IE BCA ROSSE/Q/361
Part of The Rosse Papers
Includes letters from to Toler R. Garvey Jr relating to incidents at Birr Castle during the Irish Civil War, particularly the protestation of the execution of three youths, William Conroy, Patrick Cunningham and Colum Kelly from Tullamore in January 1923 at Birr Castle.
Includes a letter from Garvey to Chief of Staff, Portobello Barracks, on 3 January 1924 regarding executions at Birr Castle in January 1923:
‘I am directed by Lord Rosses’s trustees to inquire whether the time has not now arrived when the remains of the men executed last year and buried in the private grounds of Birr Castle could be safely removed and re-interred elsewhere, it is obvious that for many reasons they cannot be left indefinitely in the private grounds and though of course Lord Rosse’s trustees understand that the military authorities would in any case have the removed carried out before the premises are evacuated there seems to be no good reason why it should not now be done.’
Garvey, Toler Roberts, Jr
- IE OH OHS31/B/4
Part of O'Brennan Family Papers
Scrapbook of newspaper cuttings, culled from the 1966 Jubilee publication by The Midland Tribune and other newspapers. Mainly relates to Offaly's participation in the period 1914-1916, particularly focussing on the Tullamore Incident. Contains a 'Partial list of the Boys from Tullamore and its environs that took part in the Fight for Irish Freedom.' Also lists the 'pioneers of the first Gaelic Society in Tullamore: Patrick F. O'Loughlin, Donal O'Connor, Thomas Barry, Richard Barry, Gerald O'Loughlin, John Forrestal, Patrick McLoughlin, Hugh Digan, Denis Davin, Thomas Moroney, Harry Ruxton, Jospeh Aylemers and James Pyke.
- IE OCL P29/49
- 8 October 1923
Verse by Thomas Davis transcribed by Edmond Harrington (Cork City), Tintown No. 3 Camp:
'We must not fail, we must not fail,
However fraud or force assail,
By Honour, Pride and policy
By Heaven, itself we must be free.'
- IE OH OHS1/1/7
- January 1916-June 1916
Copies of approximately 1000 outgoing letters, averaging 1 per page. Good legibility.
Includes many references to the Tullamore 'affray' or Tullamore Incident, for example, letter to Tim M. Healy, M. P, House of Commons: '...I was immediately concerned with giving the facts in support of the point that the Competent Military Authority - Martial Law and the Defence of the Realm Regulations notwithstanding - noted without lawful authority in taking the prisoners out of Tullamore Gaol, that he has them illegally in his custody, and that the proposed trial by Court Martial will be illegal. ...It is entirely a case for a civil tribunal - for a jury; and on the evidence it is extremely unlikely that a jury anywhere would convict. It had not the most remote connection with the "Rising"; and to drag these men and boys before a Court of Military officers steeped in the atmosphere of the Insurrection and trotted out on the rebel stage a grave injustice - and is putting prisoners in serious danger.' (23 May 1916)
- IE OCCHO DIGBY/C/9
Part of Digby Irish Estates
Annual report, accounts and rental for year ending June 1881. Reports that the financial condition of the estate had disimproved, outstanding arrears remaining due and abandoned arrears considerably increased. Profit remitted was £8500, a decrease on previous years, although there was a net increase in the overall rental income. Also reports that the Roskeen lease was surrendered by the reps of Mr. Bailey, and that the farm at Ballydownan was surrendered by Mr Adams and now in Lord Digby's hands and set for grazing with newly purchased cattle.
In terms of land improvement, Digby reports on the completion of a number of Board of Works projects including the draining and squaring of the moors under Scrubb Wood, the deepening of the boundary stream at Cappancur and the sinking of a large main drain in Balinvally bog. Construction works included new offices for Mr Arthur of Killurin and Patrick Nugent of Ballycollin; new cottages completed at Killeigh; new cottage commenced in Geashill Village and assistance give to William Mathews to erect substantial new dwelling house in Killurin. Also reports on the thinning and replanting of Derrygunnigan Wood.
Warns that agrarian agitation is increasing encouraged by the Land League. Blames the Government for slow response to agitation. Reports on a 'monster meeting' held in Tullamore by the Land League prior to the winter collection of rents (1880) where the Geashill tenantry requested en masse Griffith's Valuation as a fair rent which was subsequently refused by Lord Digby, but who abated the rent by 10% on the half year's rent payable. Identifies William Adams as the leader of the agitation and describes the court proceedings taken against him individually. With the result of being faced with bankruptcy, Adams paid his rent and then surrendered farm at Ballydownan, with the result that all other agitation on the estate ceased and rents were collected within three weeks. Also refers to 'boycotting' occurring throughout the estate but that no acts of violence or outrages took place. A further attempt at withholding rent in May 1881 was similarly short-lived.
- IE OH OHS31/B
Part of O'Brennan Family Papers
Two handwritten accounts relating to the background to the Easter Rising and the Tullamore Incident. The accounts were prepared by Aloysius O'Brennan for the 50 year commemorations in 1966. A further memoir on the events of Easter Week was written by Alo's [wife], Maura O'Brennan. Also includes a scrapbook of cuttings compiled in 1966 during the Jubilee commemorations of the 1916 Rising.