- 1630-1706 (Creation)
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Extent and medium
Name of creator
Sir Mathew de Renzi was born in Cologne, Germany and was a cloth merchant in Antwerp. In 1604, he moved to London, but shortly became bankrupt and fled via Scotland to Ireland where he arrived in Dublin in 1606, penniless. He immediately set about becoming a landowner and made important establishment contacts in Dublin such as Sir Arthur Chichester, then Lord Deputy. A polyglot (fluent in Latin, Italian, English, German, French and Spanish), he also learned colloquial and classical Irish from the Old Irish family of MacBruideadh from the Thomond area of Limerick. This was a strategic move on De Renzi’s part, so intent was he on acquiring land in a Gaelic lordship. Having travelled around Ireland to the port towns of Galway, Limerick and Waterford, he arrived in West Offaly sometime in 1612. The area, known as Delvin MacCoghlan, roughly equating to the barony of Garrycastle, comprised the modern day towns of Ferbane, Banagher, Cloghan and Shannonbridge. He acquired around 100 acres in Clonony, living in Clonony Castle, and in direct opposition to Sir John (Seán Óg) MacCoghlan, the hereditary chieftain of the area. He had many disputes with Seán Óg and dispatched letters to the Lords Deputy in Dublin outlining his various grievances.
De Renzi’s 100 acres in the midlands grew to over 1000 in the following years. He also had properties in Westmeath, Wexford and Dublin. In around 1620, he sold his interest in Clonony, became a government administrator in Dublin and was knighted in 1627. Not much is known of his marriage, but that he had two sons, Mathew (d.1712) and Francis DeRenzy. In 1630, he purchased lands in the vicinity of Tinnycross, County Offaly on behalf of his eldest son. Mathew Jr subsequently sold his interest in these lands in 1704 and title passed to the Cox family of Ferns. Sir Mathew died in 1634 at the age of 57. Mathew Jr commissioned a memorial to him in St Mary’s Church Athlone in 1635. When the church was rebuilt in 1820, this memorial was re-inserted at the rear of the church where it can still be seen today.
Name of creator
Mathew DeRenzy married Mary Howse of Cloghbemon, County Wexford, daughter of Richard Howse. He settled in Wexford and from 1699 on, he used the lands in Tinnycross to raise revenues by way of mortgages and leases. His father-in-law, Richard Howse is named as a party in many of these deeds and his wife, Mary is a co-signee. DeRenzy eventually sold his interest in the lands in 1704 to Reverend James Cox, Archdeacon of Ferns, thus ending the DeRenzy family’s interests in Offaly.
(Given the span of time, it is also possible that this could be Sir Mathew de Renzi's grandson, son of Mathew DeRenzy. This is not clear from records.)
Content and structure area
Scope and content
The bulk of the collection consists of numerous leases and mortgages raised against the land by Mathew DeRenzy between 1699 and 1703, while he lived at Cloghbemon in County Wexford. Later items in the collection relate to the sale of the lands to Reverend James Cox, Archdeacon of Ferns.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
System of arrangement
Section 2 lists the leases and mortgages raised by Mathew DeRenzy against the lands to various persons, most notably his father-in-law, Richard Howse, of Cloghbemon, County Wexford.
Section 3 lists the deeds concerning the sale by DeRenzy of the lands to Reverend James Cox, and thereby the end of the DeRenzy family interest in the lands at Tinnycross. Some further deeds record mortgages Cox raised on the lands subsequent to his purchase.
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Language and script notes
English; occasional Latin
The spelling of ‘Derenzy’ varied through the years. Variations include ‘de Renzi’, ‘De Renzi’, De Renzy’, ‘DeRenzy’, Derenzie and finally settling on ‘Derenzy’. It is not unusual to see more than one variation of the surname in a single document. Likewise, the spelling of townland names also changed over the years. Names have been rendered as they appear in the document. County Offaly has been rendered as King’s County as it appears in all documents in the collection.
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Related units of description
Loeber, Rolf, 'Civilisation through plantation: the projects of Sir Mathew de Renzi in Harman Murtagh (ed.), Midland Studies: essays in commemoration of N. W. English (1980)
MacCuarta, B., ‘Mathew de Renzy’s letters on Irish affairs 1613–1620’ in Analecta Hibernica 34, 1987: 109–182
MacCuarta, B., ‘A settler’s land disputes in a Gaelic lordship: Mathew de Renzy in Delvin MacCoghlan, 1613–18’ in Studia Hibernica 30, 1998–9: 63–88
Ryan, B., ‘A German planter in the midlands’ in History Ireland 8: 1, 2000
Shortall, L, 'The DeRenzys of Tinnycross' in Offaly Heritage 8, 2015